Boilerplate Comments for Revising and Editing

the "Annotated Bibliography of Cell Phone Articles, Spring 2019"

Engineers in hard hats


  1. Steel in the form of flat plates used in making steam boilers
  2. A copy made with the intention of making other copies from it
  3. In information technology, a boilerplate is a unit of writing that can be reused over and over without change.

Read the grading rubric comments and points in BBd Gradebook to understand how your work was assessed, please.


1. Italicize titles of major works always, whether in the bibliography or referred to in the text of a paragraph.

2. Hanging indents. Works cited/bibliographical entries are always displayed in hanging indent format in a printed, word-processed document, not with an ordinary paragraph indent, not with straight margins. In .html web pages, most commonly works cited/bibliography sections have flush left margins because of formatting difficulties in .html coding, but that is not so with printed documents.

3. Consistency in format. Whether using MLA, APA, CMOS, consistently follow the conventions for the style guide you choose, including capitalization in titles, display of titles, dates published and accessed, urls, listing entries in alphabetical order, etc.


4. McCoy’s research didn’t show that college students are on their phones for 2/3rds of a year every year—YIKES—but rather: “During the typical four years students spend in college classrooms, he calculated, they may be distracted on average for two-thirds of a school year." That’s still a lot of inattention.

5. All but one of the articles stated a proposition (a thesis) which was the writer’s suggested solution to the problem. The Science Daily article was an abstract of research published elsewhere that was conducted by Kuznekoff and Titsworth, who were writing a research report rather than an essay, so they just showed the research results without proposing a solution in the article that Science Daily cited. The other three articles, all of them essays, clearly stated the authors’ opinion about how the problem of cell phone distraction should be solved.

6. “Formula writing.” These annotations are made easy to write by following a formula: assessment of source, credibility of author, four pertinent supporting details, closing with the writer’s thesis.


7.  Science Daily abstracts Kuznekoff’s research, which showed that class-related use of cell phones improved learning outcomes but that non-class-related uses (i.e., distractions) were detrimental to college students’ outcomes. How does that research information reflect on cell phone use in classrooms where we have computers to access all course-related material, such as ours?